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Ten Commandments

Posted by on February 16th, 2011 with 0 Comments

TEN COMMANDMENTS

Exodus 20:1 – 17

INTRODUCTION
Why should we study the Ten Commandments?  “Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith,” Galatians 3:24.
Is the moral law still in force to believers?
In respect to justification, no, “for Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone that believeth,” Romans 10:4.
In respect to the curse, no, “Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law . . .,” Galatian 3:13a.
The Christian is not under the condemning power of the law, yet he is under its commanding power.

I.    No other Gods, Commandments 1 & 2 – Isaiah 45:6d, “I am the LORD, and there is none else.”
A.    Commandment One, v. 3 – We do not need to worship the sun, moon and stars.  We break this commandment when we give first place to anybody or anything other than God.  Self, things (the one with the most toys win), employment are the gods today.
The first commandment is exclusive worshipping a false god is forbidden.  The second commandment excludes false manner, no images.
B.    Commandment Two, v. 4 – 6 – “God is a spirit and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth,” John 4:24.  We are not to worship idols, so we should not make any visual representation.  The worker receives the honor not God.
1.    God is jealous.  He refuses to share His glory with another.
2.    God is judging.  Children suffer the consequences of their parent’s sin.
a.    Physically – an inherited disease
b.    Socially – poverty because of gambling or drinking
c.    Psychologically – tensions in an unhappy home
d.    Morally – learned behavior from bad examples

II.    A Holy name and a Holy day, Commandments 3 & 4
A.    Commandment Three, verse 7
1.    Blasphemy
2.    Profanity
3.    False swearing – taking and breaking an oath.
4.    A person’s name is his character.  We misuse God’s name when we call Him Father and mistrust Him or call Jesus, “Lord” and disobey Him.
B.    Commandment Four, verse 8 – 11 – Sabbath is a creation ordinance, “and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he made,” Genesis 2:2b.  It is intended for all humanity not to work and worship God.  “The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath,” Mark 2:27.
III.    Honor Parents and others, Commandments 5 & 6
A.    Commandment Five, v. 12
1.    Children do not drive your parents crazy, Ephesians 6:1.
2.    Parents do not drive your children crazy, Ephesians 6:4.
3.    In African, Asian, and Chinese culture, there is room for an elderly parent, 1Timothy 5:8.
B.    Commandment Six, v. 13 – murder is better translation than kill.
1.    Think of it as “unauthorized shedding of innocent blood.”  You can sacrifice animals, capital punishment, and a “holy war” is part of the Mosaic Law.
2.    This is a law for humanity, Genesis 9:6.  There is sanctity of human life implied in this verse.  Abortion is murder.
3.    “Whosoever hateth his brother is a murderer  . . .,” 1 John 3:15.

IV.    Honor your Body and your Words, Commandments 7 & 9
A.    Commandment Seven, v. 14, likewise is a commandment from Creation.
1.    Positive – It began in the Garden of Eden.  God made male and female, instituted marriage (His idea, not ours) for mutual fulfillment and procreation of children.  Paul, inspired by the Holy Spirit, tells us how marriage is a picture of Christ and the church.
2.    Negative – no cohabitation, no same sex partnership
3.    “But I say unto you, that whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart,” Matthew 5:28.
B.    Commandment Nine, v. 16
1.    Perjury in a court of law
2.    Slander is exaggerations and distortions outside the courtroom.

V.    Honor people’s things, Commandments 8 & 10
52% Americans who say most Americans are honest.  45% Americans who say religious people are likely to be more honest than non-religious people.  45% say the groups are equally honest.  7% say religious people are less honest.
A.    Commandment Eight, v. 15 – you cannot take someone’s money or property, and you cannot cheat, evade taxes, work short hours, or overcharge.
B.    Commandment Ten, v. 17 – moves the Decalogue from civil law to moral law.  You cannot be prosecuted for covetousness.  We can be caught up in consumerism.

CONCLUSION
•    The Ten Commandments were given by the covenant God of Israel as His will for His people.
•    The Ten Commandments were summarized by Jesus to love God and to love our neighbor.  “On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets,” Matthew 22:40.
•    The Ten Commandments can only be obeyed by the power of the indwelling Holy Spirit.  Read Romans 8:3 – 4.

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