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Day of Atonement

Posted by on February 16th, 2011 with 0 Comments

THE BLOOD ON THE DAY OF ATONEMENT

Leviticus 16:1 – 34 (v. 29 – 31, 34)

INTRODUCTION
Atonement is Yom Kippur, a covering.  It would be the 10th day of the 7th month (Sept.18, 2010).
The chapter opens with the reason for atonement.  Aaron’s sons had transgressed the holy place, verses 1 – 5.  Verses 6 – 10 is a general outline, 11 – 28 is a detailed outline, verses 29 – 34 is a summary of the day.  There are 18 acts, which Aaron had to perform.  Salvation is not a haphazard thing.  God has a specific plan.

I.    Self-humiliation, 16:4 – The high priest normally wore a very beautiful and colorful outfit.  However, on this day he wore plain white linen clothes.  The article “the” is not present in the Hebrew.
He started the day wearing his golden garments.  He stopped, stepped aside, washed, and put on these plain garments.  The emphasis is on purity and holiness.  The High Priest this day becomes a servant.
Jesus stopped, stepped aside and “made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant,” Philippians 2:7b.
Read Hebrews 7:26 – 28

II.    Special sacrifice, 16:5, 9 – 10
A.    Emphasis was on the sin-offering
B.    This offering was to be expiation for sin.  It means making satisfaction for an offense, the removing of guilt by suffering punishment.  There were two goats because one animal, one sacrifice cannot picture what Jesus did on the cross.  He removed the guilt by suffering punishment and took away our sins.

III.    Specific sprinkling, 16:15 – 16
A.    On this day, atonement was made for the priest, the people, and the Tabernacle/Temple.  Judgment begins at the house of God, Peter said.
B.    The High Priest went into the Holy of Holies to sprinkle the blood on the mercy seat and on the ground/floor in front.  This was for the transgressions of the people.  This is the strongest word for sin.  The word conveys the idea of revolt or rebellion.  The prophets used this word to describe the sins of Israel.  It is the grossest sin so the blood is carried as close to the presence of God as humanly possible, Hebrews 9:24 – 25.

IV.    Solitary labor, 16:17 – no one is allowed in the court.
Their atonement depended on one person.  If Aaron failed, Israel’s guilt remained.  If he sin he extinguishes their hope, they go home in despair.  This was not just once for all this was one for all.  “Lover and friend hast thou put far from me, and mine acquaintance into darkness,” Psalm 88:18.  There was room for only one on the cross.
V.    Substitutionary Sin-bearing, 16:21 – 22, 10 – scapegoat comes from two words, goat and to go, so it means “the goat that goes.”
“O Lord, they have committed iniquity: they have transgressed; they have sinned, thy people, the house of Israel.  O Lord, cover over, I entreat thee, their iniquities, their transgressions, and the sin, which they have wickedly committed, transgressed and sinned fore thee, they people, the house of Israel.”  (Mishnah)
“Surely he hath borne our griefs and carried our sorrows,” Isaiah 53:4a and “the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all,” Isaiah 53:6c.
The lonely goat cries as darkness falls, the wild animals begin to circle the goat and attack, leaving the goat wounded and crying.  Maybe another beast attacks and kills the bleating goat, maybe God in mercy strikes the animal dead.  Jesus cries on the cross as the three hours of darkness falls, “My God why hast thou forsaken me?”  A Roman soldier tries to hasten the death by piercing his side.  Then when all is done, Jesus cries, “Father into thy hands I commend my spirit.”

VI.    Soul Affliction, 16:29b – Whether the Jews on the Day of Atonement or independent Baptist on Sunday, both have their outward observance, but what is going on inside?  We are called to afflict our souls, Isaiah 58:3 – 5.

VII.    Soul Cleansing, 16:30 is accomplished only one way, Hebrews 9:26.
CONCLUSION
•    The blood is not placed on the person.  We are not the object.  We are the beneficiary of the sacrifice.  God gives forgiveness and grants atonement.
•    We must repent and believe, 16:29 & 31.
•    “Washed, robed, reconciled, and delivered from sin, and from the consciousness of sin, — what more could have been done for us that God has not done?”

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